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It was a sad day for the Indians around the world, on September 6, 2019, when the ship carrying their hopes – and precious moon-reading machines – stopped responding to the final stages of a successful mission.
Video footage showed Prime Minister Narendra Modi comforting Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) chief executive officer K Sivan, as he broke down, a few hours after contact with Chandrayaan 2’s Vikram lander was lost.
Its remains were found scattered on the face of the moon twenty days later, confirming that India had failed to be the first nation to successfully make a soft landing on the moon in its first attempt at virginity.
But it’s still a decade and ISRO seems to have taken the stakes and stepped back with a commitment to work on more than 25 projects this year, including India’s first work in space – Gaganyaan’s prominence.
In an official announcement, on January 1, Sivan said the government had approved Chandrayaan 3 – the second attempt to stay on the moon.
The campaign will try to achieve what your predecessor failed to do. Here is a second look at the Indian spirit:
HOW CAN I CANDRAYAAN 3?
Speaking at a press conference in Bengaluru on the first day of the year, ISRO Chairman Sivan said the work related to Chandrayaan 3 was going well.
Sivan said the configuration of the new equipment would be similar to its predecessor with a lander, rover and propulsion module. This purpose, however, will not require an orbiter, as the one posted by Chandrayaan 2 works well.
He also added that ISRO plans to house Landrayaan 3 lander in the same area as Chandrayaan 2 – the lunar south pole, which is one promising part of the moon.
“The south pole of the Lunar is very interesting … There may be opportunities for permanent water in shady areas. In addition, the South Pole region has cold trap pits and contains the history of the remains of the original Solar System. ”
This area has not been explored and has recently been studied by orbiters. Only China, in January 2019, has been able to successfully acquire a soft land near the southernmost pole through its Chang’e 4 operation.
Although many details about Chandrayaan 3 remain unknown, Sivan revealed that the campaign was estimated to cost about 615 rupees – much cheaper than before, which cost the government Rs 970 crore.
The sharp decline in costs can be attributed to the fact that ISRO does not need to build a brand new orbiter.
Chandrayaan 3 is expected to be launched sometime in 2021 and, if successful, will make India the fourth country to take the spacecraft to the Moon after the United States, USSR and China.
CHANDRAYAAN 1 WHERE DID YOU LEAVE?
Chandrayaan 1, launched on October 22, 2008, was India’s first work of the month.
The spacecraft was a cube of no more than 1.5 square meters and carried the Moon Impact Probe, which landed hard on the moon on 14 November 2008.
Chandrayaan 1’s Moon Impact Probe.
The lunar eclipse was originally supposed to revolve around the Moon for two years and prepare a three-dimensional atlas on the far side of the Moon and to make a chemical and mineral map of the lunar empire.
However, about a year later, this cycle began to experience a few technical problems. Disconnected on August 28, 2009, after 312 working days.
According to ISRO, Chandrayaan 1 had already met its many scientific objectives before it went online, “Various mechanical and administrative planning objectives were met.
The aim of the integration of scientific, lunar art and delivery vehicles with appropriate ground support systems including the Deep Space Network (DSN) channel, was achieved, which aided future exploration such as the Mars Orbiter Mission. ”